With a view to explore and use the plants and animals for human welfare, the Institute of Life Sciences was established in 1986. Initially, the Institute started to offer B.Sc. (Hons.) degree in two branches i.e. Botany and Zoology. In the year 1987, the Pharmacy branch was included under the Institute. The three branches were renamed in Departments as the year 1991. The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology was started from the session 1998-1999.
It may be mentioned here that the Jahangirnagar University Syndicate at its 228th meeting on 21.11.2000 approved the formation of Faculty of Biological Sciences and the four Departments of the Institute were transferred to the Faculty.
During the session 2006-2007, Department of Microbiology and session 2009-2010, Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering was established under this Faculty. From the session 2011-2012, the Department of Public Health and Informatics was added under the Faculty of Biological Sciences.